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Lessons learnt from #FacebookDown

What lessons should we learn from the longest downtime of Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, and WhatsApp?

 ·  ☕ 6 min read  · 
❄️ Yohan Yuki Xie
Fediverse Follow

The longest downtime in the history of Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, and WhatsApp, should have had triggered meetings in many companies on business continuity and the importance of having a Plan B and a Plan C. This will also be remembered and used in schools and studies as the number one example on how not to setup security systems.

Yet main are asking: what else is there other than Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, and WhatsApp? They cornered the market and are as good as a monopoly. They are the Internet. They are the social web. Right?

NO and no.

It was around 15:40 UTC when trouble began which led to Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, and WhatsApp, to disappear from the Internet.1 It was only by 21:28 UTC that their services were reconnected to the Internet1, six hours of downtime for four services millions, if not billions, of people rely on.

There are a lot of factors which contributed to the longest downtime of Facebook and its services, one such is even Facebook relies on their own network to be connected to the Internet.2

But how about you? Do you have an online service which relies on Facebook as your customer’s login method? Or, maybe you have an online business and your only platform is Facebook and Instagram? How about communicating with your family, are you only relying on Messenger? There are also those who are using WhatsApp as a communication platform for their critical services, like say emergency response, what happens then if there is another major downtime?

Lessons Learnt

It is not only Facebook who should learn from #FacebookDown, #InstagramDown, #MessengerDown, and #WhatsAppDown, all of us should learn from this. Here are some that I think we should all take into consideration.

  1. If your online service only offers Facebook as account creation and login method, it is time to add another login method including the traditional username and password.
  2. If your online service separate accounts created with Facebook, it is time to give your customers an option to add another login method including setting up a password.
  3. If you are part of a critical/emergency response group and WhatsApp is your only communication platform, it is time to look for alternatives, at least as a backup. What is important is the need for the backup service readily available instead of suddenly going through account creation, searching, adding, and learning how to use the app and service.
  4. If you have an online business, or you earn through your channels in Facebook and Instagram, it is time to find another platform where your fans can continue to follow you in case another major downtime occurs.
  5. If socializing online is the air you breath, better join other platforms lest something happens to you.

There are other lessons we can list but will probably fall in one or two with what we’ve already listed above. As end-users of someone else’s platform and/or service, we should never rely on it solely, we need to be ready when it disappears for whatever reason.

Do I have recommendations? I sure do.

Federated social media and social network services

Us, and our family and friends, signed up in the same social media and social network platforms because there is no way to communicate with each other if we are on different services. But did you know that this is an outdated model and it already is possible to be on different platforms and services and yet socialize with each other? Yes, this is called “federation” and these federated platforms and services are collectively called as the “fediverse”.

If you think that this is new, surprise! Federation has been around since 2008, and for communication or messengers, it has been around since 1999 (called “XMPP” or formerly “Jabber”). With that said, here are some of the services I personally recommend.


Frio Theme User Profile

Frio Theme

User Profile

The work shown above is Copyrighted to Friendica.

Friendica, formerly known as Friendika, with project name Mistpark), is a distributed and federated social network. It was one of the very first software which started the fediverse.


  • Post “status updates”
  • photos, albums
  • hashtags
  • privacy
  • military encryption
  • Calendar
  • Show different “profiles” to different people and communities
  • follow other profiles and hashtags
  • different themes and addons
  • can connect with those in: Diaspora, Mastodon, Pleroma, Hubzilla, WordPress, Nextcloud, Pixelfed, PeerTube, Twitter, and more.

If you want to give it a spin, choose one of the servers available here. Remember, it does not matter which server you choose, you can connect with everyone in the fediverse.




Hubzilla by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Hubzilla is similar to Friendica in that it was started by the same developer, Mike Macgirvin. Macgirvin is a man of vision and a strong advocate and proponent of freedom of choice, decentralization, federation, and anti-censorship. With Hubzilla, he developed a unique feature that no other fediverse platform (other than Zap) have to this very day: nomadic identity and cloning.

What is nomadic identity and cloning

Nomadic identity means true ownership of online identity. With Hubzilla, you don’t have an account on a server, you own an identity that you can take with you across the grid. You can clone a channel across multiple hubs for resilience against network failures or censorship, or you can completely move a channel from one hub to another, taking your data and connections with you.3

You can have a channel in and then clone it in While it appears that these are two separate accounts because these are on two different servers, they are actually one and the same. Any platform which understands the underlying technology of nomadic identity will treat both as a single channel, if you login via, you will receive the same communication, connections, and be able to send back replies or create new posts/updates as if you logged-in via

When it comes to features, Hubzilla shares almost the same set with Friendica but by no means the code are identical. But this part? This is good for developers and server operators, as a user, rest assured that you are in good hands. Besides, nomadic identity sure is a great feature that all other platforms should implement, right?

You can sign-up for a Hubzilla channel (or account if you will) in any of the available servers located here.


Zap logo



The work shown above is Copyrighted to Zap.

Zap povides an experience that is familiar and comfortable to Facebook users, with some additional functionality and with some of the best privacy and anti-abuse features available in the Fediverse today.4


  • Groups: public, private, and moderated. It works across nearly all fediverse platforms.
  • Events: Calendar and attendance; automatic timezone adjustment; birthday notifications for friends
  • Permissions: Granular permissions control over each feature
  • Cloud storage: built-in network file storage with social networking access/permissions.
  • Editor: supports markdown, html, and bbcode
  • Lists: sometimes referred to as circles or aspects
  • Friend Zoom: set the degree of “closeness” with your connections and then use friend zoom to filter your dashboard stream to show only close friends or everyone.
  • Nomad protocol: (see “Nomadic identity” above, under Hubzilla)

If you are ready to jump in and create your online social web identity, choose any server here.


Misskey Stream



Misskey by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Misskey is a decentralized microblogging platform. It exists within the Fediverse and is mutually linked with other social media platforms.5 It was started by しゅいろ (syuilo), a Japanese developer, and were joined by other contributors. Misskey is the platform of choice in Japan when it comes to the fediverse.


  • posting or status updates
  • reactions
  • different UI options
  • Misskey Drive
  • chat
  • photo gallery
  • groups
  • pages
  • private messages
  • lists
  • channels
  • antennas
  • Misskey Games

You can find a Misskey community which perfectly fits you here.


Pixelfed Trending view


Trending view

Pixelfed by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Pixelfed is a federated, privacy-focused, photo sharing platform part of the fediverse. The user interface of Pixelfed today should be very familiar with fans of Instagram which means it should be a no-brainer to use Pixelfed as a photo sharing platform.6


  • ad-free: no ads in timelines or anywhere
  • chronological: timelines properly ordered, no algorithms
  • discover: explore new content and creators
  • filters: add optional filters to your photos
  • photo albums: share your photos, one post at a time
  • privacy focused: no third-party analytics or tracking included
  • two-factor authentication: secure your account
  • content warnings: auto-detection if a photo and/or comment is possibly sensitive and automatically blur/hide it
  • disable comments: ability to turn-off comments per post
  • license declaration: include photo license information
  • hide follower and following count
  • mute accounts
  • private accounts
  • private posts
  • unlisted posts: public posts but are not listed in the global public timeline/stream

You can start uploading your photos into the fediverse today by joining any Pixelfed instance.


Mastodon Dashboard



Mastodon by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Mastodon is a network of thousands of communities operated by different organizations and individuals that provide a seamless social media experience.7 It can also connect to other platforms like Friendica, Hubzilla, Zap, Misskey, Pixelfed, PeerTube,, and any that is connected to the social web standard, ActivityPub, a decentralized social networking protocol.


  • effective anti-abuse tools
  • moderators
  • 500 characters or more
  • emojis and custom emojis
  • spoiler tags
  • content warning
  • status updates

If you are regularly use Twitter and you like its flow, Mastodon is the right platform for you. Join Mastodon today and connect with everyone in the fediverse.


PeerTube Discover view


Discover view

PeerTube by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

PeerTube, developed by Framasoft, is a free and decentralized alternative to video platforms, providing over 400,000 videos published by 60,000 users, viewed over 15 million times8, from all over the fediverse.

PeerTube is not meant to be come a huge platform that would centralize videos from all around the world. Rather, it is a network of inter-connected small videos hosters. Users can still watch videos hosted from another server and their own uploaded videos can be seen in other PeerTube servers.

And because PeerTube is part of the fediverse, anyone from the fediverse can leave a comment on a PeerTube-hosted video directly from their own platform.


  • import videos from other platforms
  • license information
  • hashtags
  • channels
  • ad-free
  • tracker free
  • whenever necessary, it can use peer-to-peer (P2P) protocol to broadcast viral videos
  • history
  • subscriptions
  • playlists

Ready to upload your videos and be seen by countless of fediverse citizens? Find the best server that suits your needs in this page.

Communication platforms


Keybase Chat view


Chat view

Keybase by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Keybase is most secured platform and service for messaging, file-sharing, file hosting, web hosting, file encryption, and text encryption. On top of that, Keybase is the easiest way to verify your online accounts and PGP keys.9

Keybase Teams which offers 100 GB of storage per team and if you choose to host your files and website on your personal account, you will get a whopping free 250 GB cloud storage. If you know how to use git, you can use Keybase git and use it as your source file for hosting, like this blog.


  • Online identity verification

  • End-to-end encrypted chat: direct chatting, private group, and public chatrooms

  • Files for both Personal and Teams

  • Teams and sub-teams, each with separate end-to-end encrypted chat channels

  • Sites or Keybase hosting

  • Keybase git: for both Personal and Teams; can also be used to host your website

  • Wallet: to store your Stellar Lumens (XLM)

  • Encrypt, decrypt, sign, and verify files and text manually. Here are examples:

    • Text encryption (decrypt this using Keybase)

      BEGIN KEYBASE SALTPACK ENCRYPTED MESSAGE. kiPgBwdlv6bV9N8 dSkCcFVY51MqZ0Z jBhax0vmrFJnfxR fKGP8dQPl4QGdca VXX0fJ5dPQd8LPt fVZZHeiosRH3G2G aHISVcOaSDzkxGO Jzc473w8jfROHLB qjnBybJ7v1lPl2A ahivzqJlEVbdUqF xyOmsy2gw73KGak OLKpm2gHTOSlRA4 lN8JL1hDAoA0zww J6p17kYapfilkG9 0oPJQbYBddvW2oe 8h60aYtaXFkZtuw Upe8JRMEWA8rb9k yGq1rrR1iRZRHqQ N1DNsDkkwYcnOBG 1jVo6qC5s119yei OI0iZzxn0QIonnq EZT1BTXfNV8jLdt LlWUetCYjZX97IV W2WqklHqoCfJckJ 21gyWTDUDVyULET IhTtq6TWebof3zs K45laDdgfMMk8pO hxegpPToTMz0flR DS5D5WQv0scyHyH OlsphN9yzcmp5E4 AsU1hXMQYyeg1g5 k3AaSPpKAKBr1QB nMLA5nKVYMhGRic 0RWgfO1Ka988tVT 2DocXdLvAJhN1W4 o1tE46l2nt9mdPi B0o1fVKJ1ZFv6Pj Sj9HcoTtrwX4Yc1 x4H1vrYn8Iy1ixK m3jvocnQlF4XhLO 0eaeXI4LKh2gRqv aKOzVuQ6d2Tpt1g Y20j1yj8CFFg5Vq EplbHmaVxMDPvZ7 7T6HDZGjZ6MPcIE M9qGktljj3Gtv7a rz4GqOoCAbS733m J6N0gzRCuyKGFqc 15liiR8iPro0HJa QBGFHOTQArzJoNH 3kY7PfX00wJcyGt JC80YSp. END KEYBASE SALTPACK ENCRYPTED MESSAGE.

    • Text signing (confirm I wrote this message by verifying the signature in Keybase)

      To Amyrei,

      I’m just a boy, standing in front of a girl, asking her to love him.

      From your secret admirer,

      I’M YourOnly.One

      BEGIN KEYBASE SALTPACK SIGNED MESSAGE. kXR7VktZdyH7rvq v5weRa0zkP4VNyC 8WftM9nW4fgPe6n Zl3jKJsRhCjvlTD OXqz3yNPCDKpvKy Rj1fKVuc1iEn5x6 QyFOb76HQvVRy3B wF50Os0vkSv2Wgz U5nB6WXpanovzVT 5GWjzdQQASbv8O4 h6dPaDRzjtP80eU Uax3jtDZh71OSF3 icWhpVQLYL8QjLm MDDWN19aCn9ICr0 kpt457g7TpuOke7 fnrcIovfAAhGt7l yFfYHtgMMTVrolv DdaPeMRcJCIKh31 DBHqNkdGzeSTKOa dqY6QqKF9wDUHWT l7hRNKprld1GNBd Rng7c9gB2NPny70 yY2CSUBViAf1Pb2 ILvVGpGmz. END KEYBASE SALTPACK SIGNED MESSAGE.

Get started with Keybase


Matrix Element Web Client


Element Web Client

Matrix by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Matrix is a secure, decentralised, real-time communication platform. Conversations in Matrix are replicated over all the servers participating in, there are no single point of control or failure. It also provides state-of-the-art end-to-end encryption which ensures that only the intended recipients can ever decrypt your messages, while giving a warning if any unexpected devices are added to the conversation.10

While there is far more to Matrix than what were mentioned, those great features only concerns the developers and server hosts. If your company is looking for a communication platform and you would like to know more about Matrix, visit their official website.


  • Apps available in Android
  • Apps available in iOS
  • Web client
  • Desktop clients for Windows, Linux, and Mac
  • Commandline clients
  • end-to-end encryption
  • bridges to other networks

Try Matrix today!


Session Linux Client


Linux Client

Session by I’M YourOnly.One is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Session is an end-to-end encrypted messenger that minimises sensitive metadata, designed and built for people who want absolute privacy and freedom from any form of surveillance.11


  • No phone numbers and email addresses: Session accounts are completely anonymous.
  • No data breaches: Session doesn’t collect data so there’s nothing to leak.
  • No footprints: Send messages through Session’s onion routing network and leave no trace.
  • Censorship resistant: With no central point of failure, it’s harder to shut Session down.
  • Open source: Session’s code has nothing to hide. Anyone can view, audit, and contribute.
  • Group chats: private and open groups
  • Voice messages
  • Attachments: don’t upload those documents in unencrypted services. Send all your files, images, and attachments through a network that takes your privacy seriously.

Download and use Session in your desktop or mobile phone.

Final words

I hope that the above list of platforms and services are more than enough to give you a start in building your backup plan. While many would say that you should migrate, and probably even delete your Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, and WhatsApp accounts, here at YourOnly.One I am only suggesting that you should have a backup platform and service. You can keep using Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and WhatsApp, but not having a ready alternative or secondary platform and service after the #FacebookDown, #InstagramDown, #MessengerDown, and #WhatsAppDown we had today is a decision you will regret when, not if but when, it happens again.

Last but the most important of all, it is time to embrace fully the decentralization, distribution, and federation of data, platforms, and services. What happened today has proven that this is the only logical step to ensure that the Internet, and the services we rely on, will continue to exist and work.

Enjoy and Shalom!

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